Seah

A seah is a Biblical unit of measurement approximately equal to 5 quarts (1/5 bushel) or 6 liters.

A seah is believed to be a fraction of a cor or homer but it has a wide range.  Best estimates put the seah at 1/3 ephah.

Related Definitions: cor, ephah

Saton

A saton is a Biblical unit of measure equivalent to 5 quarts or 6 liters.  It is also approximately a peck.

A saton is equivalent to the Old Testament seah.

Saton appears only twice in the New Testament, both in the parable of the leaven.

Related Definition: seah

Omer

An omer is a Biblical unit of measurement roughly equal to 2 quarts or 2 liters.

The omer represents one day’s ration and is identified as one 1/10 ephah.

Omer only appears once in the Bible and is used in Exodus 16:22 as the amount of manna that was collected by the Israelites in one day.

Closely related to the omer is the word issaron which means 1/10.  It is used several times in the Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers.

Related Definitions: ephahissaron

Modius

A modius is a Biblical unit of measurement equal to about a peck (7.7 quarts) or 8.5 liters.

The word modius is used in reference to a basket or bowl, much as a bushel basket is both a quantity and the actual basket itself.

Jesus tells us not to hide our light under a “bushel” or bowl in some newer translations.  This is the word modius.  Ironically, the measurement is not equal to a bushel but instead translated in reference to the basket of that size.