Furlong, Stadium

A furlong is a Biblical unit of measurement found in the New Testament.  It is approximately 200 yards or 182.9 meters.

A furlong is the length of an ancient Greek racetrack, which is 1/8 of a Roman mile.

The furlong is usually an approximate distance but the dimensions of the New Jerusalem in Revelation 21:16 are recorded to be measured 12,000 stadia (furlong) long and wide.

Related Definition: Roman mile

Fathom

A fathom is a Biblical unit of measure found only once in the New Testament.  It is approximately 6 feet or 1.8 meters.

A fathom is defined as the length between then fingertips on the right and left hands when both arms are stretched out to the sides.

Ephah

An ephah is a Biblical unit of measurement equal to 1/2 bushel or 17.6 liters.

The ephah is equivalent to 1/10 of a cor or homer.

Ephah is used dozens of times throughout the Bible in relation to all kinds of agriculture.  In addition to being a unit of measurement, it is used to refer to a basket the size of an ephah, much like today we have a bushel basket.

Related Definition: Cor

Cubit

The cubit is a unit of measurement that is approximately equal to 17.5 inches or 44.5 centimeters.

While the cubit was used by not only by Israel, but Mesopotamia and Egypt as well, a standard is difficult to find.  It is defined as the length from the tip of the forefinger to the elbow.  Each person would have a slightly different measurement according to this standard.

The tunnel of Siloam built by Hezekiah has been found with the inscription that is is 1200 cubits long.  Upon measuring it, it is 1749 feet, giving us 17.49 inches per cubit, so 17.5 is a good approximation.

Noah’s ark is best known for being measured in cubits, coming in at 300 cubits long.

Related Definition: long cubit

Cor, Homer

A Cor is a Biblical unit of measure which equals approximately 5 bushels or 182 liters.

Cors or homers were used to measure dry quantities and was an approximate value used to define the amount that a donkey could carry.

This word is found seven times in Ezekiel 45:11-14 and only four more times in the Bible.