Kab, Cab

A kab or cab is a Biblical unit of measurement equal to 1 quart or 1.3 liters.

According to an estimate by Josephus which is generally accepted, a kab was equivalent to 1/18 ephah or 1/2 omer.

The word kab is used only once in the Bible, in 2 Kings 6:25.  A famine caused by a military siege causes the prices of food to skyrocket to astronomical levels.

Related Definitions: ephahomer


An issaron is a Biblical unit of measurement roughly equal to 2 quarts or 2 liters.

The issaron represents one day’s ration and is identified as one 1/10 ephah.

The issaron is equated with the omer which is the amount of manna that the Israelites collected in one day.  Issaron refers to measures of fine flour.

Issaron is not so much a measurement as it simply means 1/10.  Because it is 1/10 ephah it was used in reference to this amount simply through the abbreviation issaron.

Related Definitions: ephah, omer


A hin is a Biblical unit of measurement that is approximately equal to 1 gallon or 3.8 liters.

A hin is equal to a person’s minimum daily requirement of water.

The hin is used to measure water, oil, and wine but never in quantities over a hin.  Instead fractions of a hin are recorded.

The hin is mentioned only in Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Ezekiel and thus are used most often in reference to drink offerings at the temple.