ANE is an abbreviation which stands for “Ancient Near East.”  The term does not appear in the Bible but is often used by scholars when discussing Bible passages and the life and times of Bible days, particularly the Old Testament.

The Ancient Near East, geographically is what we commonly refer to as the Middle East today.  Usually when ANE appears however, it is not in reference to a geographical region.  Instead, it is typically used in reference to the cultural practices of the people of that region in that era of time.

One might commonly see ANE used in a reference such as “Treaties in the ANE were often  sealed through a blood sacrifice.”  In Bible related terms, ANE is usually referenced to show either that Israel’s practices were common among many people of the day or that God had instituted practices that were quite counter to common practices of the day.

Unlimited Atonement

The Arminian belief that Jesus’ sacrifice on the cross was for the entire world making all of mankind savable.  The atonement is effective only for those who believe but is available to all.

While this sounds like the most basic understanding of John 3:16 as well as various other scripture passages, limited atonement contends that “the world” does not mean every person in the world.  Instead, limited atonement contends that Christ only died for the “elect” world, the ones that God had already chosen to save unconditionally.

Unlimited atonement is in direct opposition to the Calvinist point of limited atonement and is supported by more than a few people who are otherwise Calvinistic in their beliefs.  Calvinists who hold to this view but the other four points of Calvinism are known as four point Calvinists.


The belief that everyone goes to heaven.  It is similar to inclusivism but goes beyond its scope to include all of humanity.

Like annihilationism, this belief stems out of God’s love.  Proponents of this view hold that a loving God is incapable of sending people to hell.

Limited universalism is a variation of universalism that states the devout of all religions go to heaven.  This at least makes religion worthwhile and not pointless.

Of course universalism appears to go directly against teachings of the Bible about heaven and hell.  Most importantly the question must be asked why Jesus had to die on the cross if belief in Him is unnecessary to get into heaven.

For further reading on this, see the article Fate of the Unbeliever.

Unconditional Election

A belief in Calvinism that God elected those who would be based unconditionally, not based on any merit of their own.  In eternity past God determined those he would save and he predestined them for salvation.

Numerous letters in the New Testament are addressed to or speak of the elect.  The Calvinistic approach is that these are saved individuals God predestined beforehand and because of man’s total depravity only those who were elected will be saved.  Arminians claim that election is not unconditional but rather based upon foreknowledge.


TULIP is an acronym for the five points of Calvinism.  It stands for:

Total Depravity

Unconditional Election

Limited Atonement

Irresistible Grace

Perseverance of the Saints

The five points were written in response to the points of Arminianism which has five points but no well known acronym such as TULIP.